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Member of :

GWAA

The Garden Writers Association


Last Update 06/03/08

Plant of the Month

Hemerocallis

 Daylily

Hemerocallis flowers can provide a wide variety of forms and color to your garden. The species, and older and newer cultivars produce flowers that may be triangular, circular, double, star-shaped, or spider-shaped. The flowers range in color from almost white through yellow and orange to dark purple and deep red-black. Most daylily flowers last for only one day. A member of the Liliaceae family, the daylily is very popular with plant collectors because of the wide variety of flower forms and colors that are available.

Hemerocallis, Daylily species

Plant Facts:

Common Name:   Daylily

Botanical Name:   Hemerocallis

Family:  Liliaceae

Plant Type:  Evergreen, semi-evergreen, and herbaceous perennial

Origin: China, Korea, Japan

Zones: 3 - 11

Height: to 28"

Rate of Growth: Medium

Salt Tolerance: Low

Soil Requirements:  Rich, well drained, moist

Water Requirements: Water well especially in drought (dry conditions reduce flowering)

Nutritional Requirements: Balanced liquid fertilizer monthly, greatly appreciates side dressings of compost or manure. Loves rich soil.

Light Requirements: Does best in full sun 

Form:  Clump-forming

Leaves:  Arching, strap-shaped, dark green, 30-48 in. long

Flowers: 5 1/2" or more across, various forms, numerous colors, over 30,000 named cultivars have been raised (collect them all!)

Fruits: 

Pests or diseases:  Rust, hemerocallis gall midge, aphids, spider mites, thrips, slugs and snails, crown rot, bacterial leaf and stem rot

Uses:  Use in borders

Bad Habits: 

Cost:  $$ -- Very reasonable to expensive

Propagation:  Sow seeds or divide in spring

Sources:  American Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants

 
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