FloridaGardener.com Get answers to your gardening questions here!Cultural information for hundreds of plants that grow in Florida.   
FloridaGardener.com
Books regarding gardening in Florida you can buy online.
Search FloridaGardener.com for something specific.
Tell Us What You Think
Links to other garden-related sites.

Community
 The Patio
  Gardening Games
  About FG

Growing Tips
  Gardening Tips 
  Grow Veggies 
  Soils and Climate 
  Hardiness Zones  
  Butterfly Gardening  
  Build a Greenhouse
  Garden Critters  

Florida Plants
  Native Plants
  Plant of the Month
 Florida Palms
 Poisonous Plants 

Help
  Privacy Statement
 What You Think of FG


Help Us to Keep Growing!

Member of :

GWAA

The Garden Writers Association


Last Update 08/07/11

Plant of the Month

 

  Rhaphiolepis indica

 Indian Hawthorn

Related to the apple trees, loquat and rose, Indian Hawthorne is an attractive spring bloomer with fragrant flowers that resemble apple blossoms and smell as sweet. It is an evergreen shrub or small tree with attractive alternate, toothed, glossy, leathery, dark-green leaves. Flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. Small purple black pomes contain one or two small seeds and are attractive to birds.

Indian Hawthorne is an attractive spring bloomer with fragrant flowers that resemble apple blossoms and smell as sweet.

 

Indian Hawthorn is an evergreen shrub or small tree.

Indian Hawthorn is an evergreen shrub or small tree.

 

Plant Facts:

Common Name:  Indian Hawthorne

Botanical Name:  Rhaphiolepis indica

Family:  Rosaceae 

Plant Type:  Small evergreen tree or shrub, some leaf drop of the older leaves occurs in fall and winter

Origin:  S.E. and East Asia

Zones: 8 - 11

Height:  5 - 10'

Rate of Growth: Slow

Salt Tolerance: Good

Soil Requirements:  Moderately fertile, moist, but well-drained soil.

Water Requirements: Water freely during the summer sparingly in winter.

Nutritional Requirements: Balanced liquid fertilizer during active growth.

Light Requirements: Full sun for best flowering

Form:  Multi-trunk shrub or small tree growing as wide as it does high.

Leaves:  Briefly deciduous, dark green 3"- 4-1/2" long

Flowers:  Fragrant, white or pinkish, bearing a resemblance to apple blossoms,  measure from to 5/8 inch across, and are borne on loose terminal panicles to 3" in the spring or early summer.

Fruits: Small purple-black pomes

Pests or diseases:  Deer, aphids, scale insects, fireblight, nematodes on poor soil, Entomosporium leaf spot, bagworms, web blight

 

Uses:  Foundation, shrub border, massing, container, rarely requires pruning.

Bad Habits:  None

Cost:  $$ -- Very reasonable

Propagation:  From cuttings of semi-ripe wood taken in late summer and rooted over bottom heat. Branches can be induced to grow roots if they are layered, either by burying a section in the ground, or scarring a small section and then wrapping it with damp sphagnum moss and enclosing in a plastic bag.

Sources: AMERICAN HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY A-Z ENCYCLOPEDIA OF GARDEN PLANTS

 

Copyright 1999-2011 FloridaGardener.com All Rights Reserved.