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The Swallowtail Butterflies

pipevine swallowtail.jpg (10708 bytes)

Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus philenor philenor

Habitat:  Open fields, bushy or wooded areas and in gardens.
Flight:
  February to November.
Preferred Foods:
  Common near host plants or pink, purple or orange flowers as a nectar source.
Larvae:
  Feed on Dutchman's Pipe and other species of Aristolochia.
Distribution:
  All of Florida south to Ft. Myers.

gold rim swallowtail.jpg (9076 bytes)

Gold Rim Swallowtail
Battus polydamas lucayus

Habitat:  Adults frequent open fields and pine woods including suburban gardens.
Flight:
  In south Florida all year.
Preferred Foods:
  Lantana nectar.
Larvae:
  Feed on various species of Dutchman's Pipe.
Distribution:
  North central Florida south to Miami and the Florida Keys; not in south central Florida.

zebra swallowtail.jpg (9835 bytes)

Zebra Swallowtail
Eurytides marcellus floridensis

Habitat:  Deciduous woodlands along streams and rivers near larval food plant.
Flight:
  In Florida from March to December.
Preferred Foods:
  Search for nectar from a variety of plants.
Larvae:
  Feed on pawpaw (Asimina triloba) in the Panhandle and other species of Asimina.
Distribution:
  All of Florida except southeast coast north of Miami.

american black swallowtail.jpg (10733 bytes)

American (=Black) Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes asterius

Habitat:  Open fields including gardens.
Flight:
  All year in Florida.
Preferred Foods:
   Search for nectar from a variety of plants.
Larvae:
  Feed on wild carrot (Daucus carota) in the Panhandle and other umbelliferous plants.
Distribution:
  All of Florida except for small area north of Miami.

giant swallowtail.jpg (11056 bytes)

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes

Habitat:  Woodlands and citrus groves.
Flight:
  All year in south Florida.  Migrates far north and west.
Preferred Foods:
  Adults sip nectar from many flowers and juice from manure.
Larvae:
  Feed on citrus and torchwood (Amyris elemifera) and other Rutaceae.
Distribution:
  All of Florida.

schaus island swallowtail.jpg (11662 bytes)

ENDANGERED SUBSPECIES
Schaus' (=Island) Swallowtail

Papilio aristodemus ponceanus

Habitat:  Subtropical wooded areas flying about the tree canopy.
Flight:
  Late April, May to end of July.  Very rare, protected.
Preferred Foods:
  Nectar from many flowers.
Larvae:
  Feed on torchwood (Amyris elemifera) and wild lime (Zanthoxylum fagara).
Distribution:
  On north Florida Keys.

queen swallowtail.jpg (8000 bytes)

Queen Swallowtail
Papilio androgeus epidaurus

Habitat:  Subtropical and tropical wooded areas sometimes common in orange groves.
Flight:
  March to November.
Preferred Foods:
  Nectar from many flowers and drinking at mud.
Larvae:
  Feed on orange (Citrus sinensis) in Florida.
Distribution:
  South Florida in groves.

eastern tiger swallowtail.jpg (11560 bytes)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus australis

Habitat:  Near edge of deciduous woods.
Flight:
  March to November.
Preferred Foods:
  Feed on nectar of many flowers, also visit mud and carrion.
Larvae:
  Feed on wide variety of trees and sometimes shrubs such as wild cherry, yellow poplar and ash.
Distribution:
  All of Florida except Keys, rare in Dade County.

spicebush swallowtail.jpg (9950 bytes)

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus ilioneus

Habitat:  Deciduous woodlands.
Flight:
  March to December.
Preferred Foods:
  Common on flowers and mud.
Larvae:
  Feed on sassafras (in Panhandle), spicebush, camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) sweet bay, and prickly ash (Zanthoxylum coriaceum).
Distribution:
  All of Florida except Miami area.

laurel palamedes swallowtail.jpg (11409 bytes)

Laurel (=Palamedes) Swallowtail
Papilio palamedes

Habitat:  Wooded areas, particularly swampy areas.
Flight:
  March to December.
Preferred Foods:
  Common on many kinds of flowers and mud.
Larvae:
  In wet areas, feed on red bay (Persea borbonia) and avocado (Persea americana) and other species of Lauraceae growing in swampy areas.
Distribution:  Almost all of Florida except in central prairie areas and Florida Keys.

Go to the Butterflies: Butterfly Index, Butterfly Plants, Brushfoots, Milkweeds, Swallowtails

Sources: Florida Butterflies; Butterfly Gardening: creating summer magic in your garden

 

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